Singular value decomposition.
[U,S,V] = SVD(X) produces a diagonal matrix S, of the same
dimension as X and with nonnegative diagonal elements in
decreasing order, and unitary matrices U and V so that
X = U*S*V'.
By itself, SVD(X) returns a vector containing diag(S).
[U,S,V] = SVD(X,0) produces the "economy size"
decomposition. If X is m-by-n with m > n, then only the
first n columns of U are computed and S is n-by-n.