QBasic (Quick Beginner's All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a dialect of the BASIC programming language.
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QBasic cannot compile standalone executables.
QBasic compiles the source code to an intermediate form within the integrated development environment
and this intermediate form executes (interprets) immediately on demand within the IDE.
It replaced GWBASIC
, and was part of MS-DOS
5.0 and higher,
including Windows 95
QBasic was a variant of the earlier QuickBASIC 4.5
compiler but without QuickBASIC's compiler and linker elements.
stopped shipping QBasic with later versions of Windows.
users, however, will find it in the \TOOLS\OLDMSDOS directory of the CD-ROM; on the Windows 95
it is in the \OTHER\OLDMSDOS directory.
It is now only available from Microsoft's website for licensed users of MS-DOS.
The program provided a state-of-the-art IDE (for its time), including a debugger
with features such as on-the-fly expression evaluation and code modification.
These were still relatively unusual in 2003
, more than ten years later.
QBasic was also the subject of several programming books for beginners.
QBasic came complete with a couple of prewritten example games.
These were Nibbles Game
(a variant of the Snake game
found on most Nokia cellphones
) and Gorillas, an explosive-banana throwing game.
PRINT "Hello, world!"
Like QuickBASIC, but unlike earlier versions of Microsoft BASIC, QBasic was a structured programming
language, supporting constructions such as named subroutines
It still supports line numbers
, a concept often associated with BASIC, for compatibility, but were not necessary and not considered good form.
QBasic also has support for user-defined data types (structures
See the QBasic Reference
in the KEYS section.
Books and Tutorials
Windows 7, 8, 8.1 and 10
- Download DOSBox
- Install DOSBox
- Download QBasic
- Unzip QBasic in a new folder (for instance c:\qbasic)
- Run DOSBox
- Type 'mount c c:\qbasic'
- Type 'c:'
- Type 'qbasic'